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How To Check the Performance Of The Mutual Fund Company?

  • Feb 11, 2024

This guide will get into essential criteria and approaches to thoroughly assess the performance of a mutual fund company.

How to Check Mutual Fund Performance?

1.    Analyze Fund Performance vs Benchmark Performance

Evaluating how well a mutual fund is doing is super important when you're looking at investments. However, one smart way to know how to track mutual fund performance is by comparing it to a benchmark, which is like a standard index for the overall market or a specific sector. This comparison involves checking out how the fund's returns stack up over different periods to see if it's been consistently doing better or worse than the benchmark.

2.    Look for the Expense Ratio

The expense ratio of a mutual fund holds significance in assessing its performance. This ratio indicates the annual fees and expenses imposed by the fund business for overseeing the investment portfolio. Furthermore, it's usually better to go for a fund with a lower expense ratio. This choice enables investors to keep a larger share of the fund's returns, making it a more favorable option. 

3.    Read the Fund History

Getting deeper into the historical performance of a fund is a crucial component of a comprehensive analysis. This examination offers valuable insights into the fund's consistency, volatility, and capability to generate returns across various market cycles. 

Investors are advised to check the fund's performance not only during periods of market upswings but also during downturns, providing a more detailed understanding of its resilience. Additionally, it is essential to investigate any changes in fund management over time and ensure that these changes align with the fund's stated objectives and strategy.

4.    Look at the Strength of the Portfolio

A critical aspect of evaluating mutual fund performance lies in assessing the strength of its portfolio. This involves a thorough examination of factors such as asset allocation, exposure to different sectors and industries, and the overall quality of individual securities within the portfolio. 

A well-diversified portfolio with strategic allocation can play a pivotal role in managing risk and potentially enhancing returns. Therefore, investors should carefully analyze these elements to gauge the overall robustness of the fund's investment holdings.

5.    Check Portfolio Turnover Ratio (PTR)

Assessing a mutual fund's Portfolio Turnover Ratio (PTR) is a critical step in understanding its operational methods. The PTR quantifies how frequently the fund purchases and sells securities within its portfolio. A high turnover ratio may give rise to increased transaction costs and potential tax implications, both of which can impact the overall returns for investors. 

However, it's crucial to evaluate the turnover ratio in comparison to industry peers and the context of the fund's specific investment strategy. This analysis helps investors measure the fund's efficiency in managing its holdings and whether its trading activity aligns with its overall objectives.

6.    Compare the Maturity Period of Funds

Understanding the maturity period of a mutual fund's holdings, particularly for bond funds, is important. The maturity period reflects the average time until the securities within the fund's portfolio reach maturity. Longer maturity periods may expose the fund to higher interest rate risk but can also offer the potential for higher yields. 

Moreover, investors are advised to align the maturity period of a fund with their investment horizon, risk tolerance, and the prevailing market conditions. This consideration ensures that the fund's strategy aligns with the investor's financial goals while accounting for potential market fluctuations.

7.    Compare Risk-Adjusted Returns

Evaluating risk-adjusted returns stands as an important aspect of comprehending the risk undertaken to achieve investment returns. Several key metrics, including standard deviation, beta, and the Sharpe ratio, offer detailed insights into the volatility and sensitivity of a fund's performance. 

Moreover, standard deviation provides a measure of the extent to which the fund's returns deviate from its average, showcasing the level of volatility inherent in its portfolio. Beta gauges the fund's sensitivity to market movements, indicating how closely its returns align with those of a benchmark index.

However, the Sharpe ratio is a critical metric in risk-adjusted performance evaluation, synthesizing these aspects by considering both the fund's return and its volatility. On the other hand, a higher Sharpe ratio signifies that the fund has generated superior returns per unit of risk, reflecting its efficiency in delivering performance relative to the level of risk assumed. Essentially, the Sharpe ratio offers investors a valuable tool for comparing funds by considering not only their absolute returns but also the associated risks.

The Bottom Line

Evaluating the performance of a mutual fund company requires a thorough analysis of various parameters. By comparing against benchmarks, checking expense ratios, analyzing portfolio strength, studying fund history, finding out turnover ratios, comparing maturity periods, and evaluating risk-adjusted returns, investors can make informed decisions aligned with their financial goals and risk tolerance. Remember that past performance is not indicative of future results, and ongoing monitoring of mutual fund investments is essential for long-term success.

Team Sharekhan
by Team Sharekhan

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