Sharekhan Blog

What Are Requirements For A Company To Be Listed On NSE?

  • Jan 31, 2024

Listing shares on the NSE, India's largest stock exchange, provides companies with significant advantages, including capital raising, improved liquidity, extensive reach, and enhanced brand visibility.

Companies can achieve NSE listing through two routes - an Initial Public Offering (IPO) or New Listing. An IPO involves a company offering shares to the public for the first time, while a New Listing occurs when a company listed on another exchange seeks inclusion on the NSE.

To secure a share market company list, companies must meet stringent eligibility criteria encompassing financial, corporate governance, and regulatory aspects. This includes minimum paid-up capital, net worth, profitability, shareholder count, and adherence to SEBI regulations, ensuring transparency and investor disclosure.

The Listing Requirements

Seeking the answer to the query: how to list a company in NSE? To secure a listing on the National Stock Exchange (NSE), companies must meet rigorous criteria spanning financial, corporate governance, and regulatory compliance. Financial prerequisites stand as the cornerstone, necessitating a minimum paid-up capital of INR 10 crores, positive net worth over the preceding three years, a profitability threshold of INR 15 crores during the same period, and a minimum turnover of INR 30 crores.

In this regard, corporate governance requirements play a pivotal role, mandating a specific number of directors, independent directors, and a well-structured board with committees. Adherence to SEBI regulations governing corporate governance is imperative, ensuring transparency and accountability. Regulatory compliance extends to SEBI regulations for listing, adherence to the Companies Act, 2013, the Securities Contract (Regulation) Act, of 1956, and the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999.

Comparatively, the NSE maintains stringent standards regarding share market company lists when compared with other Indian stock exchanges like the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE). While the BSE boasts lower minimum paid-up capital, net worth, and profitability requisites, it imposes a higher minimum public shareholding threshold. The NSE, renowned for its advanced technology, liquidity, and transparency, enforces elevated financial benchmarks, yet it features a lower minimum public shareholding requirement. This underlines the NSE's commitment to maintaining a high standard of companies on its exchange, contributing to its reputation as a leading financial market in India.

Financial Requirements for Listing

The National Stock Exchange (NSE) enforces stringent financial and operational prerequisites for companies seeking listing, fostering financial stability and shareholder protection. In the context of how to list companies in NSE, a crucial criterion is the Minimum Paid-up Capital, varying based on company types with manufacturing companies requiring INR 50 million and service companies needing INR 30 million. A Profitability Track Record of at least three years is mandatory, validating a company's financial stability and consistent profit generation.

The NSE mandates a minimum Net Worth of INR 10 million, ensuring the company possesses ample assets to cover liabilities. Corporate Governance adherence is obligatory, demanding a diverse board, audit committee, and a code of conduct. Regular Disclosures to the public, including financial statements and annual reports, and compliance with SEBI Regulations further establish transparency and accountability, fortifying the NSE-listed companies and instilling investor confidence for potential growth.

Corporate Governance Standards for Listing

Wondering, ‘How to list a company in the stock market?’ Corporate governance, comprising processes, principles, and values guiding a company's management, plays a pivotal role in its success. Corporate governance standards for listing give guidelines companies must follow when listing securities on a stock exchange, aiming for transparency, accountability, and responsibility. Key standards include:

1. Ensuring a diverse, independent board, with a majority of non-executive directors, upholds effective oversight.

2. Mandating transparent operations and comprehensive disclosure of material information fosters trust among shareholders, investors, and the public.

3. Recognizing shareholders as owners, these standards ensure their participation in major decisions and safeguard their voting rights and equitable treatment.

4. Establishing ethical standards and an ethics committee safeguards against conflicts of interest, corruption, and bribery.

5. Enforcing a robust risk management framework addresses financial, operational, and reputational risks, coupled with a crisis management plan.

Understanding Costs of NSE Listing

The initial listing fee is size-dependent, with the NSE charging Rs. 20,000 for companies up to Rs. 25 crore market capitalization and Rs. 50,000 for larger ones. An annual fee of Rs. 10,000 or Rs. 25,000 follows, respectively. Beyond this, companies incur legal and professional fees, contingent on the listing's complexity and company size.

In addition to that, marketing and promotion costs are crucial to ensure a successful listing, covering public relations and advertising. Post-listing, compliance costs arise, encompassing regular reporting and regulatory adherence. While NSE fees are relatively low, companies must also consider associated legal, promotional, and compliance costs for effective budgeting and comparison with other exchanges.

In Summary

To leverage the advantages of listing on NSE, a company in India must meet the above-mentioned eligibility criteria. Once eligible, it can enjoy benefits like a robust marketplace, extensive trading, and streamlined settlement processes.

Team Sharekhan
by Team Sharekhan

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