Sharekhan Blog

CE and PE In Stock Market

  • Apr 17, 2024

The CE and PE varieties are great options as long as you understand the concepts behind them.

In this article, we will learn the structured guidance on interpreting CE and PE options.

What is CE and PE in Stock Market?

1. Call European (CE)

Call European or CE meaning in share market, represents a type of options contract granting the holder the right, but not the obligation, to purchase an asset at a predetermined price within a specific timeframe.

When investors buy a CE, they speculate that the asset's price will rise. It offers a strategic way to secure a potential purchase of shares at a known price, which can be especially beneficial if the market price soars.

2. Put European (PE)

When you hear the terms "CE" or "PE" in finance, they are talking about contracts that allow someone to buy (CE) or sell (PE) an asset at an agreed-upon price within a set time frame.

These contracts are like insurance policies for investors who want to protect themselves in case the asset's price goes down. It's like having a safety net in case things don't go as planned.

In options trading, there always needs to be someone selling and someone buying. This helps keep the market balanced in CE and PE in the stock market. When people buy CE contracts, they are betting that the asset's price will go up. When people buy PE contracts, they are betting that the asset's price will go down. This balance between buying and selling is what makes options trading work.

What are the CE and PE Ratios?

The CE and PE ratio, or the put/call ratio, serves as a pivotal meter for market sentiment. A high ratio signals market outlooks, with more investors leaning towards put options.

Conversely, a lower ratio indicates bullish tendencies, revealing a preference for call options over puts. This ratio helps traders predict market movements by reflecting market sentiment.

Comparing CE and PE Objectives

1. CE allows upside capture rights through temporary long positions speculatively.

2. PE permits downside protection rights using temporary short orientation defensively.

Thereby allowing CE and PE in the stock market for variable expectations to be conducted with capped risks.

Calculating the CE and PE Ratio

Calculating the put/call ratio can be approached through two primary formulas:

1. Volume-Based Calculation:

PCR = Put Quantity / Call Quantity

This formula uses the total traded volume of put and call options to gauge market sentiment.

2. Open Interest-Based Calculation:

PCR = Net Put Open Interest / Net Call Open Interest

This alternative focuses on open interest, reflecting the total number of open or outstanding option contracts.

Interpreting the CE and PE Ratio

Understanding stock market ratios like CE and PE can take time and effort. If the ratio goes up, it can mean that people are wary about the market, but it doesn't always mean that they are buying a lot of "put" options.

Sometimes, it's just because there are fewer "call" trades happening. And if the ratio is really high or really low, it could be a sign that people are overreacting, which might mean that the market is due for a correction.

The CE and PE Ratio as a Valuation Indicator

When the ratio exceeds 1, PE options dominate, signifying negative undercurrents flowing.

Sub 1 ratios indicate brighter outlooks with CE call options multiplying.

Reference Thresholds Guiding Analyses Judiciously

Above 0.7 signals high caution warranted

Under 0.5 suggests bullish undertones brewing

However, maintain flexible interpretations aligning prevailing cycles accurately.

Merits of Monitoring CE-PE Positioning Dynamics 

1. Indicates Market Sentiments Turns

Sudden ratio spikes capture mood changes 

2. Uncover Contrarian Opportunities

Extreme pessimism surfaces value buys

Euphoria complacency indicates corrections ahead

Thereby providing leading indicators insights assisting agile positioning and calibrating trading strategies beneficially.

CE and PE With Example

Consider stock XYZ trading ?100 currently.

1 Month CE trades at ?5 require paying a limited premium upfront only.

The strike Price stays at ?110, allowing participation upside beyond favourably.

If XYZ rises, crossing ?115 within the timeframe, CE value magnifies multiplying returns thoroughly without demanding high procuring financial capital mandatorily.

However, the loss is limited to the premium paid, unlike with equity purchases. This aids in making tailored directional speculations more efficient.


Equity investing is a strategy that involves patiently waiting for the value of investments to increase over time. On the other hand, options trading takes advantage of short-term market volatility without requiring large capital commitments. By combining these two approaches, investors can balance risk and return, achieving a more stable and optimal portfolio.

Team Sharekhan
by Team Sharekhan

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