Sharekhan Blog

Difference Between Demat Account & Trading Account

  • Feb 22, 2024

These are two essential accounts required for trading in the stock market. But what exactly are they, and how do they differ from each other? In this blog post, we will discuss the difference between a demat account and trading account in detail.

What is a Demat Account?

The short name of a demat account is Dematerialized. It is an electronic form of a stock account that contains securities like shares, bonds, mutual funds and other financial units available in digital data. As a result, after the birth of digitalization, all physical share certificates were dematerialized and stored in demat accounts only.

This set the stage for automating record keeping; therefore, reducing paperwork and saving physical certificates that investors traded with were no longer required. Investors were able to trade, buy, sell or hold securities in an electronic form only.

Importance of a Demat Account

A free demat account holds various financial instruments such as ETFs, government securities, mutual funds, and stocks, making it a vital tool for investors. By storing securities electronically, it eliminates the risks associated with physical certificates, like theft and damage.

Moreover, the digital format enables swift transfers of shares, facilitating seamless transactions. Additionally, the shift from physical to digital shares reduces the paperwork burden for investors, streamlining the process.

What is a Trading Account?

Trading account refers to an internet-based system by which stock market securities are exchanged. It functions as a bridge between the investor and stock exchanges, thus enabling trade orders to be implemented. A Demat account is coupled with a trading one to transfer shares in both the process of buying and selling.

Importance of a Trading Account

It is a media where traders submit their orders. As the traders make attempts to buy or sell stocks, they do so through their trading accounts, which further channel these orders to a stock exchange.

Furthermore, a trading account is attached to the bank and demat accounts of an investor. This link allows easy trading in the stock market. Whenever a transaction takes place, the requisite money is transferred discreetly from one’s bank account to their trading profile. Transactions also ensure that securities are traded seamlessly between one's demat and trade accounts.

Also, opening a trading account enables active stock exchange participation with other major exchanges such as the National Stock Exchange (NSE), Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE), National Commodity and Derivatives Trading Zaimee Exchange NCDEX, among various others. Investors can conveniently take part in trading activities over these exchanges through an online trading account.

What is the Difference Between a Demat Account and a Trading Account?


Demat Account

Trading Account


Holds securities in electronic form.

Facilitates buying and selling of securities.

Nature of Assets

Holds shares, bonds, mutual funds, etc.

Facilitates trading of stocks, commodities, currencies, etc.


Acts as a digital repository for securities.

Allows execution of buy and sell orders.

Transaction Settlement

Securities are credited or debited from the account.

Funds are debited or credited for transactions.

Associated Costs

Charges may include account maintenance fees, transaction fees, etc.

Charges may include brokerage fees, transaction fees, etc.

Risk Management

Helps in reducing the risk associated with physical certificates.

Provides tools for risk assessment and management during trading.


Regulated by SEBI (Securities and Exchange Board of India).

Regulated by SEBI and stock exchanges.

How to Open a Demat and Trading Account?

Investors and traders can open demat account online by following these simple steps:

  • Select a broker or moneylender who has a strong academic reputation and provides internet-based demat accounts
  • Complete information in the account opening form along with complete details of personal info, name bank-related data such as PAN card, Aadhaar card and pictures. You can also have the account registered in an online platform through their mobile app or site.
  • Submit all the documents like identity proof, address evidence, PAN card, and passport-size photograph.
  • Process KYC. This includes physical authentication, video verification or an OTP-based approach to verification.
  • Sign all the obligatory agreements and notices delivered by the broker or financial corporation.
  • Finally, you can deposit funds into your trading accounts.

The Bottom Line

Both demat and trading accounts are crucial for investing in the stock market; they serve different purposes. A demat account holds your securities in electronic form, whereas a trading account facilitates the buying and selling of securities. Understanding their differences will help you navigate the world of investing with ease.

Team Sharekhan
by Team Sharekhan

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