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Everything You Need to Know About Mutual Funds

  • Feb 26, 2024

What are Mutual Funds?

Mutual funds are a sort of investment that combines the capital of several individuals and utilizes mutual funds to buy stocks, bonds, and other assets. Usually, a professional manages mutual funds and makes investment selections.

Additionally, mutual fund details assist in the construction of more diverse portfolios than the majority of people could achieve on their own by enabling investors to purchase several assets with a single transaction. Mutual funds come in the form of index funds, bond funds, and target date funds.

The word "mutual" in mutual funds refers to the fact that although investors in the fund do not own the stock directly or other types of investments held by the fund, they do partake equally in the profits or losses of the fund's total holdings.

How Are Mutual Funds Work?

Investing in a mutual fund information is equivalent to purchasing shares or units within the fund. The performance of the underlying securities that the fund owns determines the value of these units. Your units' value fluctuates together with the value of these securities. In accordance with each investor's holdings, the fund manager also distributes any distributions to them, including capital gains or dividends.

What are the Benefits of Mutual Funds?

  • Different kinds of mutual funds are available in India to suit the needs of different kinds of investors. It's simple to locate a mutual fund that matches your investing objectives and risk tolerance, regardless of your monthly income or expenses.
  • Tax deductions for mutual fund investments up to Rs 1.5 lakh are permitted under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act.
  • Due to the fact that the fund manager handles your investment management and conducts the necessary research, a lot of investors favor mutual funds.
  • Diversification is an advantage of investing in mutual funds. You can invest in debt or equity, depending on your financial goals. Even if one asset class underperforms, you can still profit greatly from the other and stay out of the loss.
  • You will get all the information you need about a mutual fund's assets, fund management, and other specifics in the Scheme Information Document, which is easily accessible on the fund house's website. Additionally, investors can watch the mutual fund portfolio by visiting the AMC and AMFI websites, which disclose the portfolio investment value (NAV) on a daily basis.

Types of Mutual Funds

  1. Equity Funds – They invest mainly in stocks and are best suited for long-lasting growth investments.
  2. Debt Funds – Funds of this type invest in fixed-income securities like gov’t & corporate bonds, hence are a good option for producing regular income.
  3. Hybrid Funds – Hybrid Funds also known as balance funds, these invest in a mix of both equity as well as debt securities to both create growth and generate income.
  4. Index Funds – These types of funds replicate the performance of a certain index, such as the S&P 500, and are managed in a passive way.
  5. Money Market Funds – These funds keep money in easy-to-access short-term debt instruments such as T-bills and commercial papers and, therefore, are ideal for preserving capital.

Mutual Funds vs. ETFs vs. stocks

Aspect

Mutual Funds

ETFs

Stocks

Ownership

Pooled investments managed by professionals

Pooled investments traded on exchanges

Direct ownership of individual companies

Diversification

Offers diversification across various assets

Provides diversification like mutual funds

Limited diversification based on holdings

Trading

Traded once a day at market close

Traded throughout the day like stocks

Traded throughout the day on exchanges

Management Fees

Typically, higher fees due to active management

Generally lower fees due to passive management

No ongoing management fees

Transparency

Holdings disclosed quarterly or semi-annually

Holdings disclosed daily

Holdings disclosed quarterly or semi-annually

Flexibility

Limited ability to trade intraday

Can be traded intraday like stocks

Offers flexibility for active trading

Liquidity

Generally high liquidity

Generally high liquidity

Liquidity depends on trading volume

Also Read about Know How can we trade Mutual Funds as Stocks!


The Bottom Line

Mutual funds are a great way for people to invest in a variety of assets with convenient access and expert management. But before making any selections, as with any investment, it's imperative to complete your research and comprehend the hazards. With this guide, we hope you will have a better understanding of mutual fund products and be able to make wise investing decisions going forward.

Team Sharekhan
by Team Sharekhan

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