Sharekhan Blog

Forex Trading for Beginners

  • Apr 30, 2024

Forex is a worldwide market that deals with different types of currencies, and it is affected by things like big-picture economics, world events, and changes in financial policies. But with careful planning, smart choices, and ongoing learning, 

In this article, we will talk about what Forex is and how beginners can trade currencies.

What is Forex Trading?

Forex trading or foreign exchange implicates speculating on currency rate trends by buying and selling them electronically via dealers. Based on economic factors, price charts, and market positioning analysis, currency trading for beginners appoints positions to profit from currencies appreciating (going long) or depreciating (going short) relative to equivalents.

As an asset class, currencies exhibit unique behavioural traits that respond to interest rate differentials across countries, trade and capital flows, and general risk perception that determines their demand. Understanding these dynamics across major economies forms critical analytical groundwork before trading.

Getting the hang of Key Terminology

Like most specialised domains, forex for beginners might need clarification in some market terminology, but grasping basic concepts forms the foundations of trading literacy. Some common terms include:

1. Pips

Smallest possible movement in the exchange rate between two currencies. It's like the smallest step that a currency pair can take. If the exchange rate of EUR/USD shifts up from 1.3000 to 1.3010, it has progressed 10 pips higher.

2. Spread 

The small difference between currency buy and sell prices quoted. It signifies trading costs for brokerages accommodating trades.

3. Leverage and Margin

Leverage provides traders with capital to open larger positions by staking only a margin amount with the broker. For instance, 50:1 leverage signifies $1 controls $50 for trading.

4. Lot Size 

Standardised contract sizes determine position volumes, usually in multiples of 100,000 currency units. So a 100,000 euro contract represents 1 standard lot.

Getting a Feel via Demo Trading

Reputed brokers offer demo accounts mirroring real market conditions for traders to refine skills without risks. It presents an opportunity to execute practice trades across platforms using virtual money and get a feel for real account administration before the skin is put in the game. Developing familiarity is essential.

Designing a Personalised Trading Approach

Devising an individualistic trading strategy with clear rules remains pivotal for success. It requires aligning trading style, asset selection, risk management practices, and performance evaluation to your personality. Some key areas encompassing a structured strategy include:

1.    Defining Market Bias 

Analysing the market's overall direction to make trading decisions based on the momentum.

2.    Identifying Entry Signals

It discusses identifying entry signals for trades, which price data, patterns, or events can trigger.

3.    Managing Risk

Managing risk involves pre-determining stop-loss levels to cap potential losses if the market shifts adversely.  

4.    Tracking Trades

It will keep track of all your trades and record their results to help you analyse the effectiveness of your trading strategy.

5.    Incorporating Fundamental Events

This refers to incorporating scheduled events that might impact the valuation of a currency.

Top brokers provide backtesting support to refine strategy rules that align with your needs. Refinement of rules forms an ongoing endeavour across market phases.

Selecting the Right Broker

While cost considerations like spreads and commissions remain important, priority aspects when selecting a forex broker encompass:

1.    Regulation

Opting for brokers governed by solid regulatory bodies instils confidence

2.    Technology

Choosing broker platforms that provide a rich yet intuitive trading interface offering flexibility in analysing charts, placing orders, tracking positions, and seamless execution to implement strategies efficiently. 

3.    Account Support 

Having reliable customer support channels for timely assistance remains vital for productive trading.

4.    Research & Education 

Availability of value-adding trading resources providing actionable insights.

Building Strong Risk Practices

Considering currency trading on margin, instituting prudent risk parameters protects trading longevity:

1.    Leverage Limits 

Capping maximum leverage used per trade limits overall capital at risk 

2.    Stop Losses

Presetting loss exit levels for open positions limits damages if trades turn wrong.

3.    Take Profits

Locking profits on beneficial trades through predetermined exit levels.

4.    Bet Sizing

Investing only small percentages of capital per trade aligned with strategy expectations

Healthy risk-reward considerations mitigate losing streaks during strategy refinement or volatile periods.

Cultivating the Right Trading Behaviours 

Successful trading demands a strong temperament alongside technical skills: 

1.    Discipline 

Patiently awaiting clear strategy signals ensures adhering to predetermined rules.

2.    Detachment

Avoiding impulsive trades unrelated to planned techniques enables impartiality. 

3.    Consistency

Sticking with core strategy principles across market environments builds viability.

4.    Self-analysis

Benchmarking performance accurately identifies areas needing fine-tuning

Progressing through self-reflective adaptations leads to positive transformations.

Understanding Analysis Techniques

While initially relying on basic technical analysis, combining fundamental analysis later on provides valuable trading insights.

1.    Technical Analysis

Identifying patterns and indicators suggesting entry or exit points based on historical charts and trends

2.    Fundamental Analysis

Incorporating economic data, events impacting currency strengths like trade flows and policy changes

Both analysis forms provide inputs into trading decisions for informed participants.


The learning journey of forex trading for beginners always continues for traders looking to evolve continuously. Be it trading psychology books, financial podcasts, technique courses, or documentaries covering fundamentals, and traders stand to gain strategic insights from available materials across domains. Upskilling across market phases sharpens analytical abilities for the long haul.

The forex terrain offers retail participation in the global macro economy with avenues for regular traders to carve out profitable niches. However, prudent groundwork across trading literacy, risk awareness, and skill development predicates the sustainability of trading careers.

Team Sharekhan
by Team Sharekhan

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