Sharekhan Blog

Stock Market Open and Close Time

  • Jan 11, 2024

India has set trading hours for its exchanges. The National Stock Exchange (NSE) and Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) - India's two main types of stock markets - operate only during particular fixed times.Though their hours match closely, there are minor differences between the NSE and BSE schedules. For regular people who want to invest or trade in Indian stocks, it is helpful to understand the trading hours for different segments like equities, derivatives, bonds etc.

This will help us better time our buy and sell decisions during market openings with maximum activity. The section below explains stock market opening and closing times.

Trading Hours for Equities

The bread and butter for stock markets is the cash segment, where shares are exchanged for routine delivery. Here are the equity market hours:

1.Pre-Open Time

Between 9:00 AM to 9:15 AM, the exchanges compute opening prices through algorithmic order matching. No real trading takes place here.

2. Regular Trading Hours

The actual equity trading happens from 9:15 AM to 3:30 PM. This is when most individual investors execute trades via brokers. Share values fluctuate constantly based on demand/supply dynamics.

3. Post-Closing Hours

The share market closing time is from 3:30 PM to 4:00 PM. Traders can amend open orders but no fresh trades can be initiated. This provides a chance to minimize the day's damage.

Equity markets are shut on weekends and exchange-notified holidays.

Extended Trading for Derivatives

While equities stop trading by 3:30 PM, derivatives like futures and options continue for longer to facilitate hedge adjustments.

1.Equity derivatives - Up to 5:00 PM on weekdays

2.Currency derivatives - Up to 5:00 PM on weekdays

3.Commodity derivatives - Up to 11:55 PM on weekdays

4. These extended hours suit the needs of institutional traders and arbitrageurs primarily. Most average investors may not need to trade during this period.

After Market Hours Facility

NSE offers post-market trading between 4:00 PM and 5:00 PM for executing equity trades at the last traded price. This helps traders capitalize on post-closing cues and events.

BSE does not currently provide an after-market session. This facility is relatively new and is picking up slowly in India.

Hours for Trading Bonds and Debentures

Debt instruments also trade on stock exchanges within the following hours:

1.Government Securities - 9:AM to 5:PM weekdays

2.Corporate Bonds - 9:AM to 5:PM weekdays

3. So, bonds trade longer than the equity closing time to suit wholesale investors.

Stock Market Holiday Calendar

1.While stock markets seem open every weekday, they are periodically closed on:

2.Weekends (Saturdays and Sundays)

3.Public Holidays

4.Exchange Notified Holidays

Tips for Successful Stock Trading

Trading on the stock exchanges involves its unique challenges, this is why it is essential to follow a few crucial tips. Mentioned below are some of the tips that you need to follow:

Firstly, learn the basics before you get started with start trading. You can simply read articles on different relevant sites, watch videos and take courses to learn in-depth about technical analysis, important metrics, risk management principles, etc. Don't just directly jump into trading without arming yourself with knowledge.

Next, start small and practice with dummy accounts before putting in real money. Trading involves a lot of discipline, so begin by mastering your emotions and building experience rather than chasing quick profits. Small wins will build your confidence over time.

Always use stop losses and have a risk mitigation plan in place. Trading is risky, so smart money management is key. Take your time with losses - stick to your strategy.

Set aside dedicated time for stock market analysis every day. You can't succeed if trading is a casual hobby done in your free time. Treat it like a business and give it the requisite mindshare. Stay updated with news and events that impact your chosen stocks.

Don't get consumed by fear or greed. Trading psychology and mental discipline are just as important as market knowledge. Learning to make rational moves in volatile markets separates the winners from the losers.

The Bottom Line

The trading hours of Indian stock exchanges can seem complicated for new investors. But having clarity on when the markets open and close for different segments like equities, derivatives etc. is vital to properly timing your trades. Whether you are a casual, long-term investor or an active day trader, knowing market schedules will help you leverage opportunities at the right moments. So, take some time to understand the trading calendars and hourly schedules to unlock your success in the Indian stock markets.

Team Sharekhan
by Team Sharekhan

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