Sharekhan Blog

USD INR Trading Complete Trading Strategy

  • Apr 30, 2024

Understanding USD/INR Trends

Before diving into a trading strategy, it's crucial to understand the various factors that impact USD/INR trends. The demand and supply of USD compared to INR drives the conversion rate. Key factors include:

1.Inflation and Interest Rates: High Indian inflation or rate hikes from RBI lift the rupee. Falling US rates from the Fed pushes the USD down. Hence, RBI policy tracking is vital.

2.Economic Growth: Strong Indian economic expansion, GDP acceleration, or positive data surprises appreciate the rupee. Weaker US data weighs on the dollar.

3.Trade Deficits: Higher imports into India increase USD demand, pressuring INR. Export demand shrinkages also hurt.

4.Investment Flows: More foreign portfolio inflows and FDI to India support the rupee. Outflows risk selloffs.

5.Oil Prices: Surges in crude oil prices lead to higher Indian import bills, hitting INR and helping USD.

6.Global Risk Sentiment: Broader uncertainty, like recessions or geopolitics, boosts the safe-haven appeal of USD over riskier assets.

In addition, equity market trends, dollar dynamics against other currencies, changes to India's sovereign credit rating, and central bank currency actions all impact the exchange rate. Traders must monitor these macro factors closely to spot new USD/INR trends early.

Day Trading Strategy for USD/INR

For intraday traders, monitoring the real-time USD to INR live price and 5-minute candlestick chart movement is vital.

Step 1 - Mark Out Key Technical Levels

Track the daily USD/INR live chart and make note of major support and resistance levels that prices have reacted to strongly over the past 3 months. These act as battle lines for the pair's trend.

Step 2 - Identify Trading Opportunities

When the pair approaches pivot points or a defined support/resistance level, prepare to enter if a high volume breakout supported by momentum occurs.

Also Read: How to Create the Best Intraday Trading Strategy?

Step 3 - Place Protective Stop Loss

Use a stop loss of 2-3 pips beyond the broken support/resistance levels to limit any losses if the breakout move fails.

Step 4 - Book Profits at Next Targets

Target quick profits by exiting when the price hits the next resistance zone upward or support zone downward after entering. Trail stops to lock gains.

This breakout strategy allows taking advantage of short-term swings and intraday volatility in USD/INR. Keep positional trade sizes small, around 5% of capital or less.

Long-Term Position Trading Tactics

For longer-term USD to INR traders, the focus is identifying when new trends start to emerge across weeks or months.

The key is spotting fundamental shifts early before they are priced into the exchange rate. Some tactics include:

1.RBI Policy Tracking: Monitor for changes in India's benchmark rates and RBI monetary policy stances closely. Rates that diverge from the Fed's plans often precipitate USD/INR shifts. 

2.Economic Data Surprises: Keep up with prominent Indian and US data releases, like GDP and CPI reports. View the results relative to economist estimates. More significant surprises tend to spark heavier USD or INR moves.

3.Premium Analysis: Follow expert views, hedge fund positions, interbank forecasts, and other premium sources for advanced notice on macro shifts that could force USD/INR into new trends.

Position traders should enter trades in the direction of emerging trends once spotted, using wider stops. Take partial profits when reaching overextended levels, using trailing stops to ride out extended moves as far as possible.

Managing Risk in USD/INR Trading

As with any currency pair, sound risk management is vital in USD/INR trading. Follow some critical tips like:

1.Trade Small: Avoid position sizes too large for your capital and limit risk to 5% or less per trade. 

2.Use Stop Losses: Always employ stop loss orders for protection, placed just beyond vital technical levels.

3.Limit Leverage: High leverage amplifies both gains and swift losses, avoiding over-levering positions.

4.Diversify: Spread risk across multiple uncorrelated currency pairs and other asset classes.

Applying robust risk practices ensures traders survive short-term downswings and prevents blowing up trading capital during unexpected volatility.


Tracking USD/INR trends requires keeping pace with numerous macro drivers across both economies. Day traders can profit from breakouts, while swing traders take advantage of emerging multi-week trends. Maintaining sound risk management is critical. Use the tips outlined here to trade USD to INR strategically and efficiently.

Team Sharekhan
by Team Sharekhan

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