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What are the Options in Stock Market?

  • Feb 23, 2024

Options Meaning

Options in the stock market belong to a group of financial products known as derivatives. Essentially, their value is tied to another asset, like a stock, index, commodity, currency, or Futures contract. Depending on the type of option you have, it grants you the opportunity to either buy or sell the underlying asset. For instance, if you hold a call option, you can buy the asset at a predetermined price, while a put option allows you to sell it. So, options provide flexibility and potential profit based on the movement of the underlying instrument.

Important Terms Used in Option Trading

Lot Size: Lot Size represents the standard quantity of the underlying asset within an options contract. It sets the groundwork for how much of the asset is involved in the trade.

Strike Price: Also referred to as the exercise price, it's the agreed-upon price at which the asset is bought or sold. This price is pivotal in determining profits or losses.

Premium: The amount the buyer pays the seller for the options contract and its underlying asset. It's essentially the market price of the contract itself, providing access to its benefits.

Expiration Date: This marks the future deadline for exercising the options contract. Once this date passes, the contract loses its value. Investors must keep track of this data to make informed decisions.

How does Option Trading Work?

The options in the stock market establish a financial agreement between the seller and the buyer to buy or sell the underlying asset at a future date that is predetermined. Each and every options contract has an underlying asset tied to it that affects the contract's pricing.

Stocks, bonds, currencies, commodities, or any other type of asset class that grants the investor the right to purchase or sell a certain quantity at a fixed price might be the underlying assets. They are free to choose not to execute the options contract, though, if they believe doing so will result in a loss due to changes in the underlying asset's price.

Types of Options

Option contract in derivatives are of two types. They are: -

1.    Call Option

An option contract in derivatives that grants the contract holder the right, but not the responsibility, to purchase the underlying asset connected at the striking price on or before the expiration date is known as a call option. When they believe the underlying asset's price will rise before the call option's expiration date, investors purchase call options. In these kinds of situations, investors employ a long call option to benefit from the share price increase.

2.    Put Option

Put options are a kind of options contract that grants the contract holder the right, but not the responsibility, to sell the underlying asset tied to the contract before or on the expiration date at the striking price. Put options trading is done by investors when they believe.

Benefits of Option Trading

Leverage: Access to leverage is a primary benefit of trading options. Only the premium, not the full transaction amount, needs to be paid when trading an option. Trades with modest capital requirements can, therefore, be made by traders on high-value positions.

Economicalness: Traders can profit from options by using less capital. The return on investment is significantly larger than with other investing options. Options provide excellent cost efficiency because of their little premium.

Peril Associated with Options: Compared to futures or cash markets, options carry comparatively less risk. The premium paid is the amount of risk associated with options. All the same, buying an underlying asset may not be as risk-free as writing or selling options.

Strategies with Options: Trading with options provides an opportunity to profit in markets that are increasing or dropping. Sometimes, you might anticipate a big change in price, but you're not sure which way the price will go. It is not uncommon for top management changes, budgets, and quarterly performance to create uncertainty. A trader can design a winning strategy that makes money anyway. The price of the underlying asset moves by mixing several options.

Tool Flexibility: alternatives are versatile and provide a greater range of investing alternatives. In addition to fluctuations in price, investors can benefit from changes in time and volatility.

The Bottom Line

Options and derivatives a versatile financial tools that offer traders abundant opportunities across diverse markets. While inherently risky, options trading permits the adoption of low-risk strategies. Even risk-averse investors can leverage options to enhance overall investment returns. However, prior to investing, assessing risk is paramount. Patience and a comprehensive understanding of the stock market and various securities are essential for traders. Moreover, crafting a suitable strategy before delving into options is crucial.




Team Sharekhan
by Team Sharekhan

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