Sharekhan Blog

What is SIP Investment and How Does it Work

  • Apr 30, 2024

This guide covers the concept of SIP, shedding light on what it is, how it works, and why it has become a popular choice for many investors seeking a disciplined and gradual approach to wealth creation.

What is SIP Investment?

SIP is a way of investing in mutual funds where investors contribute a fixed amount at regular intervals, monthly. It's a disciplined and systematic approach designed to make investing accessible to individuals with varying financial capabilities.

How Does SIP Work?

The beauty of SIP lies in its simplicity. Investors commit to investing a predetermined SIP amount – at regular intervals, monthly, quarterly, or semi-annually. This fixed sum is then used to purchase units of a mutual fund, chosen based on the investor's risk profile and financial goals.

The Mechanics of SIP Investment:

1. Choosing the Right Mutual Fund

Investors start their SIP journey by selecting a mutual fund that aligns with their financial objectives. Mutual funds come in various types – equity, debt, or hybrid – catering to different risk appetites and investment goals.

2. Determining SIP Amount and Frequency

Once the mutual fund is selected, investors decide on the SIP amount they are comfortable committing to regularly. The frequency of investment, whether monthly, quarterly, or otherwise, is also determined based on individual preferences and financial capabilities.

 3. Allotment of Units

The SIP amount is then used to purchase units of the chosen mutual fund at the prevailing Net Asset Value (NAV) on the SIP date. The NAV represents the per-unit value of the fund.

4. Power of Compounding

As time progresses, the magic of compounding comes into play. The returns earned from the initial investment and subsequent SIP contributions generate additional returns. Over the long term, this compounding effect can significantly enhance the overall portfolio value.

5. Rupee Cost Averaging

SIPs follow the principle of rupee cost averaging. When the market is up, the fixed SIP amount buys fewer units; when it is down, it buys more units. This averaging strategy mitigates the impact of market volatility on the overall investment.

Advantages of SIP Investment

1. Disciplined Approach

SIPs instill financial discipline by promoting regular and consistent investing, irrespective of market conditions. This helps investors stay committed to their financial goals.

2. Accessibility

SIPs make investing accessible to a wide range of individuals, allowing them to start with small amounts and gradually increase their investment as their financial situation improves.

3. Mitigating Market Timing Risks

Since SIPs spread investments over time, investors are less susceptible to the risks of trying to time the market. This lowers the impact of market volatility on the overall investment.

4. Long-Term Wealth Creation

SIPs are ideally suited for long-term investors. By harnessing the power of compounding over an extended period, investors can accumulate wealth and achieve their financial goals.

Tips for Maximizing SIP Returns

1. Selecting the Right Funds

Choosing mutual funds that align with financial goals and risk tolerance is crucial. Diversifying across asset classes can also enhance the overall risk-adjusted returns.

2. Regularly Reviewing Investments

Periodic reviews help ensure that the selected mutual funds align with financial objectives. Adjustments can be made if there are changes in the investor's risk profile or market conditions.

3. Increasing SIP Amount with Income Growth

As income increases, consider increasing the SIP amount. This approach leverages income growth to maximize investment potential over time.

4. Staying Informed

Keeping abreast of market trends, economic indicators, and fund performance aids informed decision-making. Regularly reviewing financial goals ensures that the SIP aligns with evolving objectives.

Common Myths and Realities of SIP Investment:

1. Myth: SIP Guarantees Profits

Reality: While SIPs provide a disciplined approach to investing, returns are subject to market conditions. They can fluctuate, and there are no guaranteed profits.

2. Myth: SIP is for Small Investors

Reality: SIPs are for investors of all sizes. They cater to both small investors and those with larger portfolios, offering a versatile investment approach.

3. Myth: Timing the Market is Better

Reality: Timing the market is challenging, and attempting to do so may result in missed opportunities. SIPs reduce the impact of market timing risks by spreading investments over time.


SIP investment is a powerful and accessible tool for individuals seeking a disciplined and gradual approach to wealth creation. By understanding how SIPs work, their advantages, and how to maximize returns, investors can confidently navigate the financial landscape. SIPs embody the ethos of "slow and steady wins the race," providing a reliable path for long-term wealth creation and financial well-being. 

Team Sharekhan
by Team Sharekhan

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