Sharekhan Blog

How To Invest In Futures and Options?

  • Feb 22, 2024

Sophisticated futures options trading uses high-yielding instruments and leveraging gearing to maximise payoffs and capitalise on short-term market movements.

Futures and Options Trading Core Concepts

While alluring intermittent windfalls potentially compel multitudes seeking accelerated wealth creation milestones exploring futures and options contracts landscapes -predictably, the majority of attempts need to be revised around instruments of structural comprehension or risk management apprenticeship.

However, investing prudently first into concepts clarity encompassing contract specifications decode, impact cost cautions, orders variety implications alongside margin necessities appreciation, and risk-aligned position sizing creates trading longevity foundations strongly over the long run.

I. Differentiating Key Contract Variants

Indices futures offer hedging insurance against portfolio fluctuations, whereas stock futures allow tapping overnight leveraged upside, pre-empting market opens following corporate news flows. Index options volatility optimally, while stock options grant bespoke risk-taking capacities customisation.

II. Orders Impact and Margin Realities

While conventional delivery orders transfer assets, intraday squared-off futures and options bets require calibrated position sizing given margin blocking necessities alongside impact costs cautions during exit.

III. Inherent Leverage Edge Comprehension

Unlike margin lending models, inherent futures and options structures allow wielding outsized exposures returns boosting abilities relatively affordably but accompanied by equally amplified risks when counter-trade movements emerge unexpectedly.

Aligning Risk & Skills Sustainability for Analytics Requirements

While all market participants equally face external volatility, varied risk appetites and loss tolerance capacities meaningfully predict futures and options trading journeys profitability and endurance capacities over full cycles. Futures and options trading necessitates continually adapting analytical toolkits comprehending algorithmic models, data mining, statistics, programming, etc.

Selecting a Credible Futures and Options Trading Platform

While trading avenues hold merit, prudent partner selection assistance cannot overstate given long-term implications. Customer orientation, trading infrastructure robustness and grievance resolution effectiveness constitute key touchpoints.:

I. Platform Reliability and Responsiveness

From order execution consistency and margin requirements clarity to settlement processes transparency - policy-driven trading platforms enable informed participation. Feature richness assessment assists migrations from mediocrity.

II. Charges and Commissions Competitiveness

Trading, licensing, data usage, brokerage, demat, and ancillary service charges accumulate rapidly, necessitating rationalisation to prevent unwarranted portfolio erosions over full market cycles durably. Hence, pricing optimises bottom lines directly.

III. Support Infrastructure for Queries Redressal

Despite the self-assisted trading era dawn, timely conflict resolution machinery access, including reliable customer assistance, onboarding and digital assets security assurance, retains pivotal importance for customer retention excellence and essential trust upholding with partners durably.

Thus, by proactively self-educating on requisite concepts clarity, risk management alignments and platform evaluations, trading journey sustenance stands undoubtedly strengthened responsibly for enduring market participants progressively.

Practicing Through Virtual Trading Accounts Initially

Before committing investment capital directly, establishing competencies governs trading success probabilities over full cycles durably. Hence accessing virtual trading interfaces mimicking real-time asset fluctuations allows harnessing paper trading practices for seasonality familiarisation simulated exposures undertaking.

Such demo durations facilitate multiple merits, including - nurturing analytical skills, testing theory's viability, sharpening risk administration reflexes and building conviction integral for portfolio longevity pursuits progressively. Additionally, loss also mute, sparing wallet damages breathtakingly.

Customizing Trading Strategies

With risk attributes acknowledged around inherent investing in futures and options trading volatility susceptibility, customising prudent game plans balancing aggression with measured defences holds inevitable prudence for sustaining consistency and longevity pursuits sustainably.

Several vital strategy pillars require particularisation - asset subtype selections, position sizing appetites, leverage multipliers tolerances, risk-reward ratios maintenance and stop losses thresholds determination, etc, structuring befitting wider portfolio orientations and risk-return milestones.

Additionally, periodic reviews assist strategies linkages to financial objectives and external dynamics responsively for guarding overall goals congruency responsibly.

How To Trade In Futures And Options

Futures and options trading can diversify a portfolio, but it can seem complex. By learning the concepts and practising paper trading, investors can increase their chances of success.

Step 1: Finding a Credible Futures Trading Platform

Select reliable partners by assessing their operational efficiency, pricing competitiveness, and grievance redressal responsiveness. Compare offerings across established brokerages and emerging fintech disruptors to start responsibly.

Step 2: Futures Trading Account Opening Formalities

To create an account:

  • Evaluate platform capabilities first
  • Provide income proof and review the onboarding mandate for charges, rights duties and regulatory risk warnings
  • Customise trading preferences and generate a password to start using the account

Step 3: Options Trading Registration

Options contracts require additional registration with custodian brokerages to specify settlement processes and risk absorbability capacities. Unlike other instruments, they undergo stringent vetting to minimise systemic risks.

Step 4: Deploying Virtual Simulation Practices

Simulated trading interfaces aid in exploring assets and order types without real capital risks, enabling one to develop analytical skills and test hypotheses for trading progress.

Step 5: Funding Trading Account Commencement

Prepare for virtual trading seasonings with capital infusion in a registered account to initiate small-ticket dealings. Garner market exposure with progressive capital additions to prevent over-commitments beyond defined risk capacities.


While futures options trading can seem complex, it can offer attractive risk-reward ratios over short periods. Beginners can improve their odds of success by understanding the market and practising simulated trading. With perseverance and prudence, futures and options trading can create consistent value over time.

Team Sharekhan
by Team Sharekhan

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